• M28 Mosin Nagant Civil Guard Rifle (Mfg by Sako with Tikka Barrel)

    M28 Mosin Nagant Civil Guard Rifle
    (Mfg. by Suojeluskuntain Ase-ja Konepaja Osakeyhtiö using a Tikkakoski barrel)

    (Click PIC to Enlarge)

    Caliber: .......................7.62x54R
    Barrel Length: ............. 27" (685mm)
    Rifling: ........................ 4 groove, right hand twist, 1:9.5"
    Overall Length: ............ 43.7" (1110mm)
    Weight: ....................... 9.2 lbs (4.18Kg)
    Magazine capacity: ...... 5 rounds.
    Qty mfg: ..................... 33,061 total M28 production, 13,061 with Tikka barrels
    (In production from 1928 - 1930)

    Canadian Collector Market Value Estimate: $

    Source: The Mosin-Nagant Rifle by Terrence Lapin, ISBN: 1882391217 and Mosinnagant.net

    M28 Mosin Nagant Civil Guard Rifle

    (34 picture virtual tour)

    Observations: (by "Claven2")
    Note: Pics of rifle provided courtesy of Milsurps.com moderator Claven2.

    In the 1920's the Finnish authorities were beginning to re-evaluate the M91 as the country's primary infantry arm. Many of the examples in service were well worn and a good number required new barrels, stocks and other parts. Despite the country's best efforts to acquire these spares abroad, it was becoming evident that an update was needed. In 1924, the Civil Guard began building the M24, essentially an M91 with a heavier foreign made barrel and in some cases updated sights. The Army too was actively rebarelling numbers of M91's, but the Finns were not oblivious to the changes going on in other countries. It was becoming clear that the trend was toward shorter and better handling infantry rifles of a standard length for issue to most or all services within the armed forces. Both the Army and the Civil Guard then began experimenting with designs to supplement or even replace the M91 rifle.

    The Army was the first to field a new arm. Designated the M27, it had a shorter barrel than the M91, an improved front sight with protective ears and a rugged new nosecap, a reinforced Konovalov sight with wings that hugged the sight base and a ladder with a replaceable sighting blade as well as a variety of sling arrangements. To economize, these early M27s were constructed from M91 stocks cut down to the M27 configuration, though in later production purpose made-stocks with thicker dimensions became prevalent to minimize stock damage and splitting at the nosecap due to bayonet use, as well as further reinforcement of the nosecap.

    The civil guard, not wanting to be left behind by Army innovation, introduced their own updated design a year later in 1928, designated the M28. It shared many of the M27's design features, but with some notable differences. While the M27 had an elaborate and expensive to produce nosecap designed to lock the handguard in place, the M28 employed a milled front band reminiscent of the Mauser Gewehr 98 front band. The M28, like the M27 also made use of the older Konovalov rear sight design, but without the reinforcing tabs of the M27. It also used a different method of attaching a replaceable sighting plate. The rear band was narrower and had an undressed leading edge as opposed to the radiused edge of the wider M27 band. The front sight base retaining screw was forward of the sight blade on the M28, whereas the M27's screw is behind it. The M28 bayonet is virtually identical to the M27 bayonet with the exception that the M28 bayonet sports smoothly polished rivets on the grips.

    All M28's were stocked with modified one piece Russian M91 stocks that underwent conversion and were inspected and accepted by the Civil Guard workshop Suojeluskuntain Ase-ja Konepaja Osakeyhtiö (the fore-runner to SAKO). These original M28 stocks will all have an SYT cartouche surrounded by an oval in a finger groove on the side of the stock.

    All M28's were built on older Russian, French or American produced receivers fitted with a mix of parts salvaged from earlier rifles broken down for their components. Parts were inspected to ensure they were within specification and then re-used on new M28 rifles. Barrels were provided primarily by SIG (Schweiz Industrie Gessellscaft, Neuhausen) and Tikkakoski with less than 100 Sako produced barrels being used at the end of production.

    M28 production was eventually supplanted in in 1931 by the introduction of the M28/30 rifle. Deliveries of new M28's to units, however continued into 1932. Given the short production run and the losses experienced over the three wars in which the M28 was fielded, the M28 is one of the rarest Finnish infantry rifles a collector is likely to encounter today. Additionally, by the end of the Lapland war in 1945, the M28 was generally considered obsolete and thus was not subject to the rebuild and refurbishment programs that saw the refit of many of the M91's, M28/30's and M39's then in service. This accounts for the somewhat worn and battered condition M28's are often found in.

    In rare cases, it is possible to find an M28/30 with an M28 serial number. Individual members of the civil Guard could pay to send in their M28 rifles to be rebuilt to the M28/30 standard. Such rifles are exceedingly rare and are officially referred to as the M28-28/30.

    Collector's Comments and Feedback:

    1. Relatively few M28's exist today. In fact, the M28 is a rarer rifle than the highly sought after M28/30 and the difficulty in sourcing one will confirm this. Most were imported to the United States well before the current influx of Finnish rifles, the most notable importation being by the Marathon Corp. The depicted rifle formed part of that importation and is so marked on the barrel. It is safe to assume that most M28's encountered in Canada will have been imported from the United States by Mosin Nagant enthusiasts and will be similarly marked. This is one case where an import marking will not affect value given rarity and prevalence.

    M28's will generally show considerable wear, use and abuse. Most will not show any signs of refurbishment and the stocks served long lives as M91 stocks before ever becoming an M28 stock. Many will have repairs or glued cracks dating from the time they were reconditioned into M28's. Finland was a very poor country in the 1920's and anything that could be repaired and made serviceable was used. Many will also have renumbered or mismatched bolts, again due to most examples not being refurbished after the Lapland War. Generally, the only matching serial numbers one would expect to find on an "all matching" M28 would be the barrel and bolt, though sometimes the buttplate is also stamped with the last two digits of the rifle's serial number.

    Tikka made examples will not have the date on the barrel, but all were made in 1929, 1930 or 1931. SIG barrelled examples will have the last 2 digits of the year of manufacture stamped on the barrel below the woodline. Sako barrels would all be from 1931 production.

    Some M28's will have two dog-collar slots in the buttstock and are often referred to as "ski trooper" buttstocks. these were crafted to allow the guardsman to better configure the sling for use on skis............ (Feedback by "Claven2")
    This article was originally published in forum thread: M28 Mosin Nagant Civil Guard Rifle (Mfg by Sako with Tikka Barrel) started by Badger View original post
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